CQ Numbers and DXCC

Hawaii's CQ Zone

Several contests require the CQ zone in the exchange. These large zones divide up the world in to big chunks. Most of the mainland United States is in zone 3 (Western US and Canada such as BC), zone 4 (Central US and Canada) or zone 5 (Just the Atlantic Coast states and far Eastern Canada).

CQ Zone Map

Mexico is zone 6 and most of Central America is zone 7. Alaska and the Yukon are in zone 1. South America has zones 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13.

Hawaii is in CQ Zone 31, a huge rectangular zone that takes in most of the central Pacific Ocean, extending even below the equator and across the international date line.

Australia has two zones, 29 for the Western half and 30 for the Eastern half. New Zealand is in zone 32, which includes everything south of zone 31. All together there are 40 CQ DX Zones. Greenland is Zone 40.

Hawaii is a State AND a DXCC Country!

Hawaii is both a state and a "country" at least for DXCC purposes. Certain contests require state for part of the contest exchange, but you have to read the rules carefully. Often you will find that the correct exchange for Hawaii is not "HI"; but "KH6" which is the DXCC country designation for Hawaii.

This causes a lot of confusion on the US mainland where most people have by now figured out that Hawaii is a state in the United States. The recent 160 meter contest is an example. In that contest, Hawaii was a DX country and the exchange was "KH6", causing many mainland stations to keep asking for the "HI" since all other states except Alaska and Hawaii were sending the two letter state ID.

Still other contests require state for the USA or zone for a DX country. Another careful read of the rules is often required to find out which to use for Hawaii, Zone 31 or KH6 or HI, given its dual designation as both a state and a country. In another recent contest it was the South Americans who were confused, unable to believe that we were supposed to be sending our state as the exchange and not the DXCC designation.

The DXCC Countries List, ITU and CQ Zones for Oceania

To help you sort out all those strange calls with exotic numbers, here is an extract from the DXCC list covering the islands of the Pacific:


                                                        ZONE
     Prefix         Country                  Cont.    ITU   CQ

     3D2            Fiji                     OC        56   32
     3D2            Conway Reef              OC        56   32
     3D2            Rotuma I.                OC        56   32
3D2  1M             Minerva Reef             OC        62   32
     5W             Western Samoa            OC        62   32
9M   VS4            Sarawak                  OC        54   28
9M   ZC5            British North Borneo     OC        54   28
     9M6,8          East Malaysia            OC        54   28
     A3             Tonga                    OC        62   32
     C2             Nauru                    OC        65   31
YB   CR8, CR10      Portuguese Timor         OC        54   28
     DU-DZ          Philippines              OC        50   27
     FK             New Caledonia            OC        56   32
     FO             French Polynesia         OC        63   32
     FW             Wallis & Futuna Is.      OC        62   32
     H4             Solomon Is.              OC        51   28
     JD1            Minami Torishima         OC        90   27
YB   JZ0            Netherlands N. Guinea    OC        51   28
     KC6            Belau (W. Caroline Is.)  OC        64   27

     KH0            Mariana Is.              OC        64   27
     KH1            Baker & Howland Is.      OC        61   31
     KH2            Guam                     OC        64   27
     KH3            Johnston I.              OC        61   31
     KH4            Midway I.                OC        61   31
     KH5            Palmyra & Jarvis Is.     OC      61,62  31
     KH5K           Kingman Reef             OC        61   31
     KH6            Hawaii                   OC        61   31
     KH7K           Kure I.                  OC        61   31
     KH8            American Samoa           OC        62   32
     KH9            Wake I.                  OC        65   31

     OA-OC          Peru                     SA        12   10
P2   P2,VK9         Papua New Guinea         OC        51   28
     T2             Tuvalu                   OC        65   31
     T30            W. Kiribati (Gilbert Is.)OC        65   31
                    (Brit. Phoenix Is.)      OC        62   31
     T32            E. Kiribati (Line Is.)   OC      61,63  31
     T33            Banaba I. (Ocean I.)     OC        65   31
                    (E.Caroline Is.)         OC        65   27
     V7             Marshall Is.             OC        65   31
     V8             Brunei                   OC        54   28
     VK             Australia                OC      (I)  29,30
     VK0            Macquarie I.             OC        60   30
     VK9C           Cocos-Keeling Is.        OC        54   29
     VK9L           Lord Howe I.             OC        60   30
     VK9M           Mellish Reef             OC        56   30
     VK9N           Norfolk I.               OC        60   32
     VK9W           Willis I.                OC        55   30
     VK9X           Christmas I.             OC        54   29
     VR6            Pitcairn I.              OC        63   32
     YB-YH          Indonesia                OC      51,54  28
YB   CR8, CR10      Portuguese Timor         OC        54   28
YB   JZ0            Netherlands N. Guinea    OC        51   28
YB   PK1-3          Java                     OC        54   28
YB   PK4            Sumatra                  OC        54   28
YB   PK5            Netherlands Borneo       OC        54   28
YB   PK6            Celebe & Molucca Is.     OC        54   28
     YJ             Vanuatu                  OC        56   32
     ZK1            N. Cook Is.              OC        62   32
     ZK1            S. Cook Is.              OC        62   32
     ZK2            Niue                     OC        62   32
     ZK3            Tokelau Is.              OC        62   31
     ZL-ZM          New Zealand              OC        60   32
     ZL7            Chatham Is.              OC        60   32
     ZL8            Kermadec Is.             OC        60   32
     ZL9            Auckland  & Campbell Is. OC        60   32
P2   P2, VK9        Papua Territory          OC        51   28
P2   P2, VK9        Terr. New Guinea         OC        51   28
YB   CR8, CR10      Portuguese Timor         OC        54   28
YB   JZ0            Netherlands N. Guinea    OC        51   28
YB   PK1-3          Java                     OC        54   28
YB   PK4            Sumatra                  OC        54   28
YB   PK5            Netherlands Borneo       OC        54   28
YB   PK6            Celebe & Molucca Is.     OC        54   28
9M   VS4            Sarawak                  OC        54   28
9M   ZC5            British North Borneo     OC        54   28

     Prefix         Country                  Cont.    ITU   CQ

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08/99